1.01: January 2023

Hello and welcome to Bearings, a monthly despatch sharing a handful of signals that speak to our current position — and where we're heading next.

This month: a vagrant walrus, pharmacies, wild camping, 45 mayors, and a ransomware attack.

1. Walrus

Thor the Atlantic walrus surfaces in Scarborough (31 Dec), prompting council to cancel town’s New Year fireworks

An example of vagrancy, where an individual animal appears outside its normal range, something more common in birds (see: NYT); 27 walrus sightings in the last 130 years in UK waters, with three since 2021 — this increasing frequency is likely a result of a shrinking sea ice habitat prompting adaptive behaviours, such as a willingness to swim further to find food (see Chronicle Live).

Thor’s appearance drew huge crowds, and caused Scarborough Council to call off its New Year’s Eve fireworks for fear of distressing the mammal (see BDMLR). For many, this was an example of people making accommodations, successfully coexisting with wildlife ‘as they, like us, adapt to a warming world’ (see RSPB).

Other signals:


2. Community pharmacies

UK researchers find more purchases of over-the-counter medication by those later diagnosed with ovarian cancer (26 Jan)

Using loyalty card data of participant purchase histories at two UK high street retailers, researchers found people with ovarian cancer bought more pain and indigestion medication up to 8 months before their diagnosis (Brewer et al., 2023); a proven example of people self-managing vague but sustained symptoms with over-the-counter products.

Also released this month, a survey conducted on behalf of NHS England (Ipsos, Sept 2022) showed a high level of public satisfaction with community pharmacies, and an appetite for more treatments to be offered at a pharmacy level (e.g. vaccines, blood pressure checks, minor illnesses), relieving pressure on GPs and the NHS. Government and opposition parties have pledged their support for such developments, citing ‘Pharmacy First’ and independent prescribing models currently used in Scotland and Wales (see Pharmaceutical Journal).

Other signals:


3. Wild camping

Over 3,000 people march in Dartmoor (21 Jan), protesting a court judgement ending the right to wild camp in England

Opposition to the ruling on a case bought by hedge fund manager Alexander Darwall, who owns a 4,000-acre estate on Dartmoor; the High Court ruled that pitching a tent does not constitute open-air recreation as protected by law, and that ‘any such camping requires the consent of the landowner’ (see The Conversation).

Organised by Right to Roam and The Stars are for Everyone, this march was the largest countryside access protest in history, and concluded with a ‘summoning’ of Old Crockern, a guardian spirit astride a skeletal horse, known for cursing those who first sought to enclose and farm the Moors (see Nick Hayes, FT, Huck).

Following the High Court ruling, Dartmoor National Park struck a deal for a ‘new permissive system’, paying landowners to grant blanket permission for wild camping in specific areas (20 Jan), a move widely condemned by the public and campaigning organisations (see PlymouthLive). Under pressure from Britain’s camping and walking communities, the Park also plans to appeal the judgement.

Other signals:


4. Mayors in Kyiv

Mayors of Bratislava, Budapest, Prague, and Warsaw make a surprise visit to Kyiv (11 Jan)

Mayors of the four capitals of the Visegrád Group visited Kyiv, at the invitation of mayor Vitali Klitschko. This was an example of inter-city diplomacy, with the visiting mayors expressing their support for Kyiv and Ukraine, and looking for ways to support infrastructural and humanitarian assistance (see Visegrad Post). The mayors discussed plans for a platform to facilitate long-term aid and the eventual reconstruction of Ukraine’s towns and cities (see Euractiv, Radio Prague International).

The four mayors visited Kyiv in their capacity as founding members of the Pact of Free Cities, established in December 2019 as a pragmatic, socially liberal counterweight to Central Europe’s populist national governments (see Guardian). Kyiv joined the Pact in September 2022, as part of a second expansion bringing the total number of members to 33 (see Pact of Free Cities).

Other signals:


5. Royal Mail ransomware

UK postal company Royal Mail targeted by ransomware (11 Jan), leaving it unable to dispatch items overseas

Initially described as a ‘cyber-incident’, causing severe disruption to international delivery services (see BBC), this ransomware attack was particularly dramatic given Royal Mail’s status as ‘critical national infrastructure’ — a privatised company providing a ‘universal service’ deemed essential to the functioning of the UK economy.

The perpetrators were affiliates of LockBit, currently the world’s most prolific ransomware group, responsible for over a quarter of known ransomware attacks in 2022 (see FT). LockBit operates a ‘ransomware-as-a-service’ model, supporting affiliates who penetrate a target’s network and plant malware, in return for a commission of up to 20% (see Wired.co.uk).

This attack came after 18 days of strike action, which cost the company £200mn (see BBC). With ongoing disputes over pay and changes to working conditions, Royal Mail workers are currently balloting to renew their mandate for further strikes, with results expected in mid-February.

Other signals:


If you have any thoughts, feedback, or responses to any of the above questions, you can reach me at bearingsblog@proton.me. Thank you for reading.